Galium aparine Linn

Family ► Rubiaceae.

Habitat ► The Temperate Himalayas.

English ► Goosegrass, Clivers, Cleavers, Catch Weed.

Action ► Choleretic, stomachic, diuretic, refrigerant, lymphatic, alterative, antiscorbutic, detoxifier; non-steroidal anti-inflammatory used for enlarged lymph nodes, especially cervical neck nodes, cystic and nodular changes in the glands, modular goitre. Used as a cleansing drink for malignant conditions and skin disorders, including psoriasis.

Key application ► As diuretic. (The British Herbal Pharmacopoeia.)

The plant contains iridoid monoter-penes (asperuloside), benzyl isoquino-line alkaloids (including protopine), beta-carbolin alkaloids (including harmine), quinazoline alkaloids and flavonoids (such as luteolin). Methanolic extract of the plant contains chloro-genic acid, scopoletin and rutin. The plant is reported to contain several sterols. The root contains anthraqui-nones.

Asperuloside can be chemically converted to prostanoid intermediates.

Habitat ► Kashmir, Lahul and other west Himalayan regions, at altitude of 2,000-3,000 m

English ► Lady's Bedstraw, Cheese Rennet.

Action ► Herb—diuretic, used for kidney stone, gravel, gout. Used topically for poorly healing wounds.

The plant contains the iridoids including asperuloside and galioside; flavonoid glycosides; quercetin-3-glu-coside, quercetin-7-glucoside, quer-cetin-3-rutinoside, luteolin-7-gluco-side; anthraquinone derivatives, including alizarin, and large amounts of salicylic acid. Its high organic acid content causes curdling of milk. The root contain n-alkanes.

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