Action ► Purgative, febrifuge. Seeds—cardiac depressant, spasmolytic, hypotensive, antibacterial, antifungal. Plant juice destroys bedbugs.
The seeds contain resin glycosides which are laxative. Lysergol is also present in the seeds. It exhibits hy-potensive, psychotropic, analgesic, and uterus and intestine-stimulating properties. The presence of indole alkaloids is reported in the seed.
Ipomoea pes-caprae (Linn.) Sweet.
Ipomoea nil (Linn.) Roth
Convolvulus bilobatus Roxb. Convolvulus nil Linn.
Family ► Convolvulaceae.
Habitat ► Throughout India; also occurs as a weed.
English ► Pharbitis seeds.
Ayurvedic ► Antah-kotarpushpi, Kaalaanjani (provisional synonym), Krishnabija, Kaalaadaanaa, Shyaamabija, Shankhani, Jhaara-maaricha.
Unani ► Kaalaadaanaa.
Siddha/Tamil ► Kaakkattan.
Action ► Purgative and blood-purifier. A substitute for Jalap. Seeds—antifungal.
The seeds from Pakistan contain al-kaloids—lysergol, chanoclavine, pen-niclavine, isopenniclavine and elymo-clavine. Also contain 14.2% resin and glucosides.
Commercial samples of the drug contain 14-15% of crude resinous matter. Research has shown that glycosi-dal part of the resin is inert; the non-glycosidal resin (2% of the drug) causes copious purgation in doses of 250 mg. Besides the resinous matter, the seeds contain a fixed oil (12.4%) and small amounts of saponin, mucilage and tannin.
The flowers of the plant contains an-thocyanin pigments.
The plant extract exhibited hypogly-caemic activity in rats.
Was this article helpful?
Learn what you can do with herbs! How to Plant, Grow, and Cook with Natural Herbs. Have you always wanted an herb garden but didn't know how to get started? Do you want to know more about growing your own herbs in the privacy of your home and using them in a variety of cooking?