Action ► Anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic (used in cold, flatulent colic, heartburn), emmenagogue, cicatrizant, antidysenteric, anti-haemorrhagic, antipyretic, diaphoretic, diuretic, urinary antiseptic.
Key application ► In dyspeptic ailments, such as mild, spastic discomforts of the gastrointestinal tract. As astringent, antispasmodic, choleretic, antibacterial. (German Commission E.) As diaphoretic. (The British Herbal Pharmacopoeia.) Internally for feverish conditions, common cold and digestive complaints; topically for slow-healing wounds and skin inflammations. (The British Herbal Compendium.)
The plant contains flavonoids, alkaloids (achilleine), polyacetylenes, triterpenes, coumarins, tannins, salicylic acid, a volatile oil containing linalool, camphor, sabinene, chamazu-lene and other azulenes.
Sesquiterpene lactones are bitter and tonic. Achilleine helps arrest internal and external bleeding. Flavonoids contribute to the antispasmodic action.
The flavonoid apigenin is anti-inflammatory, antiplatelet and spasmolytic. Alkaloids and bases are anti-inflammatory. Alkaloid betoncine is
haemostatic. Salicylic acid is anti-inflammatory. Chamazulene is antiinflammatory and antiallergenic. (Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database, 2007.)
An extract of the plant was found to be rich in luteolin or luteolin 7-glucoside and can be used for the treatment of hyperpigmentation of skin.
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