Action ► Root—sedative, hypotensive. Plant juice, mixed with castor oil, is applied to skin diseases and to destroy parasites.
The plant contains a number of alkaloids, including rauvolscine, aj-malicine, canescine, reserpine, pseu-doyohimbine; yohimbine, corynan-thene, raunescine, iso-raunescine and recanescine.
The major alkaloid is rauwolscine (alpha-yohimbine), present in the root bark (0.1%), stem bark (0.2%) and leaves (0.5%).
The roots are often used as a substitute or adulterant of those of R. serpentina, though the reserpine content of the dried root was found to be comparatively low (0.03-0.05%).
540 Reinwardtia indica Dum.
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