Action ► Leaves and berries— cathartic, diaphoretic, febrifuge, antispasmodic, expectorant. Used in whooping cough. Leaves— used in glandular enlargements. A decoction of the leaves is used topically to destroy lice in the hair. An infusion of berries is given in rheumatism. Gum— emmenagogue.
The inflorescences contain beta-amyrin, beta-sitosterol and its D-glu-coside, oleanolic acid, triterpene gly-cosides, nepalins. Nepalins 1,2 and 3 at 0.5, 0.25 and 0.125% respectively completely immobilize human sperm.
Plant extract exhibited antitumour activity in vivo and in vitro against Ehrich ascites.
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