Ficus hispida Linn f

F. oppositifolia Roxb.

Family ► Moraceae.

Habitat ► Outer Himalaya from Chenab eastwards to West Bengal Assam, Central and South India and the Andaman Islands.

Ayurvedic ► Kaakodumbara, Kaashtodumbara, Phalgu, Malayu, Malapu.

Siddha/Tamil ► Peyatti, Chona Atthi.

Action ► Syconium—galactagogue. Bark and seed—purgative, emetic.

Ficus palmata Forsk. 267

The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia ofIn-dia recommends the fruit in jaundice, oedema and anaemia; fruit and root in leucoderma, vitiligo.

The fruits, seeds and bark contain beta-sitosterol, beta-amyrin, n-triacontanyl acetate, gluacol acetate, hispidin, a phenanthraindolizidine alkaloid, bergapten and psoralen. A leu-cocyanin has been isolated from the root; oleanolic acid from the leaves.

Dosage ► Fruit—10-20 g; root—1-3 g powder. (API Vol. III.)

The stem bark of the plant yield acetates of long-chain alcohols, methyl-ricinolate, beta-sitosterol, lanosterol, caffeic acid, bergenin and sugars. The triterpenoids, lupeol and alpha- and beta-amyrin, are also present in the leaves. Flavonoids including sorbifolin and scutellarein derivatives, have been isolated from the leaves.

Dosage ► Stem bark—50 g powder for decoction (API Vol. II); dried fruit—5-10 g. (API Vol. IV.) Leaf, root—10-20 g paste. (CCRAS.)

Ficus lacor Buch.-Ham.

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