Ferula galbaniflua

Boiss. ex Buhse.

Family ► Umbelliferae; Apiaceae.

Habitat ► Native to Persia. Occasionally grown North-Western Himalaya.

Unani ► Gaosheer, Jawaasheer. (Galbanum has been wrongly equated with Gandhbirozaa, the oleo-resin of Pine.)

Action ► Oleo-gum-resin—digestive stimulant, antispasmodic; used for flatulence and colic; as an expectorant; and as a uterine tonic.

Ferula gummosa contains resinuous substances (60%), major constituents being galbaresenic and galbanic acids; volatile oil (5-30%) containing mono-and sesquiterpenes, alcohols and acetates; azulenes; thiol esters; undeca-triens; resinic acids (30-40%); gums; umbelliferone.

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