Family Verbenaceae

Clitoria ternatea Linn. 161

Habitat ► A shrub distributed throughout the country, especially common in Assam and Bengal.

English ► Blue-flowered Glory tree, Beetle Killer.

Ayurvedic ► Bhaargi, Bhaaran-gi, Angaarvalli, Phanji, Braah-manyashtikaa, Kharshaak, Padma, Bhragubhavaa, Brahmayashtikaa.

Siddha/Tamil ► Kandoorbarangi (root), cherutekku.

Action ► Root—Antiasthmatic, antihistaminic, antispasmodic, antitussive carminative, febrifuge. Leaf—febrifuge.

The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India indicated the use of the dried roots in cough, bronchitis, dyspnoea, chest diseases and sinusitis.

The bark contains triterpenoids— serratagenic, oleanolic and queretaric acids; leaves contain alpha-spinasterol and flavonoids, including luteolin, api-genin, baicalein, scutellarein, phenolic acids—caffeic and ferulic acids.

EtOH (50%) extract of the plant exhibited hypotensive and spasmolytic activity. Polyhydric property on isolated guinea pig ileum. Antiasthmatic effect was also observed pharmacologically.

Dosage ► Root—3-6 g powder; 1020 g for decoction. (API Vol. III.)

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