Family Tamaricaceae

Habitat ► Throughout in river beds and near sea-coasts in Tamil Nadu.

Tanacetum vulgare Linn. 645

Ayurvedic ► Maachikaa (related species).

Siddha/Tamil ► Nirumari.

Action ► Twigs and galls—astringent. Tannin content—leaves 8%, twig-bark 10%, galls 50%.

The leaves gave tamarixetin, kaemp-feride, quercetiin and D-mannitol. Aerial parts contain trans-2-hydroxy-methoxycinnamic acid and isorham-netin. Hexane extract gave hentriacon-tan-7-ol.

The flavones (tamaridone and tama-done) have also been isolated from ethanolic extract, along with hexaco-syl-p-coumarate, gardenin, nevaden-sin and apigenin. Gardenin B exhibited antiviral and anti-invasive activity against solid tumours.

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