Family Sapotaceae

Habitat ► A native of Malaya; occasionally grown in gardens, especially in North India, Andhra Pradesh and Kerala.

Ayurvedic ► Khirni.

Action ► Root and bark—astringent. Given in infantile diarrhoea. Seed— febrifuge, anthelmintic, antileprotic. Leaf—used as poultice for tumours.

Seeds contain about 16% of fatty oil and 1% saponin.

Manilkara hexandra (Roxb.) Du-bard, synonym Mimusops hexandra Roxb., found in central India and Dec-can Peninsula, and cultivated throughout the greater part of India, is also equated with Khirni.

398 Maranta arundinacea Linn.

All parts gave taraxerol, a triterpene ketone, alpha-and beta-amyrin, cin-namates, alpha-sipnasterol, beta-sitos-terol, its beta-D-glucoside, quercitol, quercetin and its dihydroderivatives, ursolic acid.

The bark contains 10% tannin.

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