Habitat ► A native of Malaya; occasionally grown in gardens, especially in North India, Andhra Pradesh and Kerala.
Ayurvedic ► Khirni.
Action ► Root and bark—astringent. Given in infantile diarrhoea. Seed— febrifuge, anthelmintic, antileprotic. Leaf—used as poultice for tumours.
Seeds contain about 16% of fatty oil and 1% saponin.
Manilkara hexandra (Roxb.) Du-bard, synonym Mimusops hexandra Roxb., found in central India and Dec-can Peninsula, and cultivated throughout the greater part of India, is also equated with Khirni.
All parts gave taraxerol, a triterpene ketone, alpha-and beta-amyrin, cin-namates, alpha-sipnasterol, beta-sitos-terol, its beta-D-glucoside, quercitol, quercetin and its dihydroderivatives, ursolic acid.
The bark contains 10% tannin.
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