Family Rutaceae

Habitat ► Native to the West Indies. Commercialized in the USA. Cultivated mainly in Punjab.

English ► Grapefruit, 'Marsh' Grapefruit.

Folk ► Chakotraa. Chima Bombili-maas (Tamil Nadu).

Action ► Young leaves—decoction is used to relieve cold or headache. Fruit—used for developing resistance against colds and influenza.

Grapefruit is rich in vitamins, minerals, potassium and pectin, which balance the acid reaction in the stomach and stimulate appetite. Half grapefruit contains vitamin A 318 IU, vitamin C 46.8 mg, niacin 0.2 mg, potassium 158 mg. The fruit contains beta-carotene and cartenoid lycopene. Ly-copene is especially noted for reducing the risk of prostate cancer. The fruit juice contains furanocoumarins, including bergamottin, also naringin, naringenin, limonin, quercetin, kaem-pferol and obacunone.

Claviceps purpurea (Fr.) Tul.

For drug interactions with grapefruit juice, see Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database, 2007.

Grapefruit is not to be confused with grape (Vitis vinifera).

anticonvulsant agent has been found to be heliettin, extracted from the stem bark and roots.

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