Family Oxalidaceae Averrhoaceae

Habitat ► Native to Malaysia; cultivated throughout the warmer parts of India, especially in Kerala.

Azadirachta indica A. Juss.

English ► Carambola, Star Fruit, Chinese Gooseberry.

Ayurvedic ► Karmaranga.

Siddha/Tamil ► Tamarattai.

Action ► Root—antidote in poisoning. Leaf and shoot—applied externally in ringworm, scabies, chickenpox. Flower—vermicidal. Fruit—laxative, antidysenteric, antiphlogistic, febrifuge, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic (used in hepatic colic, bleeding piles). Seeds—galactogenic; in large doses act as an emmenagogue and cause abortion.

The fruits are a fairly good source of iron but deficient in calcium. They also contain oxalic acid and potassium oxalate. The presence of fluorine is also reported. A wide variation of vitamin-C content (0.3-23.0 mg/100 g) is recorded from different places in India. Sugar (3.19%) consists mainly of glucose (1.63%).

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