Family Menispermaceae

Habitat ► Throughout South and East India and in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Ayurvedic ► Raaj-Paathaa (bigger var. of Paathaa, Cissampelos pareira Linn.).

Action ► Roots—used in smallpox, bone fractures, malarial fever, jaundice, stomachache.

The root yielded tetrandrine as the major alkaloid. Tetrandrine (0.1 g/day) was found effective in the treatment of chloroquine resistant malaria.

Tetrandrine possesses cytotoxic and immunomodulatory properties and is indicated in the treatment of chronic inflammatory diseases. It shows an-tihypertensive, cardiac depressant and vasodilator effect. It also exhibits antiallergic activity.

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