Family Liliaceae

Habitat ► Western Himalayas at altitudes of 1,500-2,400 m.

English ► Common Garden Tulip, Late Tulip. Tulip tree is equated with Liriodendron tulipifera.

Unani ► Tulipa stellata Hook bulbs are wrongly equated with Suranjaan of Unani medicine. Colchicum luteum Baker is the source of Suranjaan Talkh (bitter), and Merendera persica of Suranjaan Shireen (sweet).

678 Turnera ulmifolia Linn.

Action ► Bulbs—mitogenic (TG lectin-erythrocyte, and TG lectin-yeast).

A cardiotoxic alkaloid has been reported from the leaves. Antibiotic D-glucosides (tuliposides), inhibit the growth of Bacillus subtilis, have been isolated from pistils, stalks and leaves.

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