Family Buxaceae

Habitat ► The Himalayas and the hills of North-eastern India up to 2,700 m.

Folk ► Geru (Garhwal, Patiala), Tiliari (Jaunsar), Sukatsing (Ku-maon).

584 Sarcostemma brevistigma W. &A.

Action ► Leaves—used in the treatment of rheumatism and fever.

The leaves contain steroidal alkaloids, including saracosine, saracodine and saracodinine; also betulin.

Aerial parts exhibit spasmolytic, diuretic and anti-inflammatory activity. Steroidal alkaloids induce non-recoverable fall in blood pressure in dogs.

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