Euphorbia nivulia Buch Ham

Family ► Euphorbiaceae.

Habitat ► Northern and central India, often planted in dry areas.

Ayurvedic ► Snuhi (substitute), Patra-Snuhi.

Siddha/Tamil ► Kalli, Naga-kalli.

Action ► Latex—used for treating jaundice, dropsy, enlargement of liver and spleen; colic; syphilis, leprosy; applied to haemorrhoids. Coagulated latex is used for bronchitis. Leaf—juice is used as a purgative. Warmed in mustard oil, applied in cold and headache.

The latex gave cycloart-25-en-3 beta-ol, and cyclolaudenol; stem contained cyclolaudenol and sitosterol; leaves gave sitosterol. (None of these triterpenes have been reported from E. neriifolia.) These triterpenes exhibited antimicrobial activity against Staphy-lococcus aureus and E. coli.

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