Family ► Euphorbiaceae.
Habitat ► Throughout India in the plains and low hills.
Ayurvedic ► Saatalaa, Saptalaa, Sapralaa, Viduraa, Charmasaahvaa, Charmakashaa.
Siddha/Tamil ► Tillakada, Thusimul-lai.
Action ► Fruit—removes warts topically. Plant extract—choliner-gic. The aerial parts are used as a vegetable for maintaining smooth and regular movement of bowels.
The alcoholic and aqueous extracts of aerial parts showed significant action on gastro-intestinal motility in rats. The activity is more pronounced in alcoholic extract than in aqueous extract.
The extract of air-dried plant exhibits cholinergic action and direct stimulation of different muscle preparations. Plant gave euphorbol, surcose, glycosides, sterols and kaempferol.
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