Erycibe paniculata Roxb

Family ► Umbelliferae; Apiaceae.

Habitat ► Assam up to 1,700 m, found as a garden plant in Dehra Dun.

Family ► Convolvulaceae.

English ► Sea Holly

Erythrina indica Lam. 245

Folk ► Brahma-Dhaniyaa, Jangali Gaajar (var.).

Action ► Root—stomachic. Plant— galactagogue, diuretic. Fresh leaves are used as a vegetable and flavouring agent.

Hot aqueous extract of the plant possesses anticonvulsant property. The ethanolic extract (50%) of aerial parts showed cardiovascular, diuretic and antistrychnine activity. The plant is CVS an CNS active and hypothermic.

Sea Holly, found in sandy soils near the sea in Britain and Europe, is equated with Eryngium maritimum Linn.

The root possesses diuretic and anti-inflammatory properties and is used for urinary tract infections (urethritis, cystitis, polyurea, renal colic, prostatic affections).

The root gave coumarins, saponins, flavonoids, plant acids and polyphe-nolic acids. Saponins are haemolytic, rosmarinic acid is known for its anti-inflammatory activity.

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