English Shellot

Allium cepa Linn. 33

Ayurvedic ► Grnjana.

Unani ► Gandanaa, Ek-daanaa Lehsun, Ek-potia Lehsum. (Also equated with Asphodelus tenuifolius Cav.)

Action ► Anticoagulant, fibrinolytic, hypocholesterolaemic.

The aqueous extract of the bulbs contains mainly fructose (50%), besides glucose, arabinose, galactose, mannose, rhamnose, glucosamine and uronic acid. It also contains lysine, glu-tamic acid and aspartic acid. It shows significant activity against P-388 lym-phocytic leukaemia in mice.

In experiments on rabbits, the alcoholic extracts of the bulb showed significant anticoagulant, fibrinolytic and hypocholesterolaemic properties.

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