English Lavender

Action ► Herb—mildly sedative, antiflatulent and cholagogue. Essential oil—antiseptic, antibacterial, antispasmodic.

Key application ► Internally, for mood disturbances, such as restlessness or insomnia; functional abdominal complaints (nervous stomach irritation and discomfort); for the treatment of functional circulatory disorders in balneother-apy. (German Commission E.) The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India indicates the use of Lavandula sp. for depressive states associated with digestive dysfunction.

Major constituents of the essential oil are linalool and linalyl acetate. Others include borneol, camphor, lavan-dulyl, caryophyllene, limonene, beta-ocimene, terpene-4-ol-and alpha-ter-pineol.

Aerial parts of the plant contains ursolic acid lactone, betulin, betulin-ic acid and 3 beta-formyl ursolic acid. The essential oil from flowering shoots showed neuro-depressive or anxiolytic activity in albino rats.

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