English Karaya

Unani ► Gond Kateeraa (the authentic source is Cochlospermum religiosum).

Siddha/Tamil ► Kavalam.

Folk ► Karai, Kandol (Maharashtra, Gujarat).

Action ► Gum used as a substitute for tragacanth in throat affections.

The gum and mucilage contain al-dobiuronic and aldotriouronic acids.

The roots contains a coumarin, sco-poletin.

The leaves afforded flavonol glycosides, quercetin and kaempferol derivatives; beta-amyrin, its acetyl derivative, beta-sitosterol and an ester of terephthalic acid. Stercurensin, a C-methylchalcone, has been isolated from the leaves.

The gum of Sterculia villosa Roxb. (Udall Wood) resembles with that of S. urens. Diometin and chrysoeriol and their 7-O-glucosides were isolated from the wood.

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