Unani ► Khamaan Saghir, Khamaan-ul-Arzaa, (Nabli) Khamaan.
Siddha/Tamil ► Mushkiyaara (Punjab), Khamman, Ganhulaa.
Action ► Diuretic, expectorant. Used for kidney and bladder torpor.
Lipid fraction of drupes contains unsaturated fatty acids, sterols, aliphatic alcohols, triterpenic alcohols, alpha-and beta-amyrin; also anthocyanin pigments, phenolic acids. The root contains beta-sitosterol and alpha-amyrin. Aqueous extracts induced diuresis in rats and exhibited hypoten-sive activity in cats. The extract of flowering herb showed significant anti-ulcerogenic activity.
cyanogenic glycosides; berries contain flavonoids, anthocyanins, vitamin A and C.
Anti-inflammatory activity of the flowers has been attributed to ursolic acid. Elder flowers and peppermint is an old remedy for influenza in the Western herbal.
The berry is used against influenza virus A and B. (J Alt Compliment Med, 1(4), 1995.)
Sambucus nigra Linn.
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