English Common or European Pear

Folk ► Bagu-goshaa, Babbu-goshaa.

Action ► Fruits—a good source of pectin, help in maintaining a desirable acid balance in the body. Recommended to patients suffering from diabetes because of low sucrose content; and included in low antigen content diets to alleviate the symptoms in the management of immune-mediated disease.

Fresh pear juice exhibited good activity against Micrococcus pyogenes var. aureus and Escherichia coli.

An aqueous extract of the leaves was active against some strains of E. coli.

The leaves contain arbutin, iso-quercitrin, sorbitol, ursolic acid, astra-galin and tannin (0.8-2.9%). The bark contains friedelin, epifriedelanol and beta-sitosterol. Phloridzin is present in the root bark.

The plant extract controls the development of freckles and blemishes on the skin and prevents melanin formation. It finds application in skin-lightening creams.

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