Echinochloa colonum

Synonym ► Panicum colonum Linn.

Family ► Gramineae; Poaceae.

Habitat ► Cultivated in Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Bihar and Andhra Pradesh.

English ► Shama millet.

Ayurvedic ► Varaka.

Siddha/Tamil ► Karumpul, Varsanam-pillu.

Folk ► Jangali sawuk, Shamaa, Saanvaa.

Action ► Diuretic.

The protein content of the dehusked millet is higher when compared to rice. Except for lysine all other essential amino acids are present in fair quantity. The grains are a rich source of zinc and iron.

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