Dalbergia sissoo Roxb ex DC

Family ► Papilionaceae; Fabaceae.

Daphne oleoides Schreb. 201

Habitat ► The sub-Himalayan tract, up to 1,200 m from Indus to Assam and in plains throughout India.

English ► Sissoo, South Indian Redwood, Sissoo.

Ayurvedic ► Shimshapaa, Krishna-shimshapaa, Picchilaa.

Siddha/Tamil ► Irupoolai.

Action ► Leaves—bitter, and stimulant. Leaf mucilage, mixed with sweet oil, is applied to excoriations. Wood—anthelmintic, alterative, emetic, stomachic, antileprotic; used in diseases due to vitiated blood. Bark—anticholerin. Root—astringent.

Along with other therapeutic applications, The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India indicated the use of the heart-wood in turbity of the urine, calculus and lipuria.

The leaves gave isoflavone sissotrin; flowers 7,4'-di-Me-tectorigenin. Seed oil (4.1%) contained fatty acids composed of palmitic (16.2), stearic (7.0%), oleic (14.6), linolenic (9.80) and linole-ic (52.5) acids and lipids comprising neutral lipids (88.5), glycolipids (7.2) and phospholipids (4.0%). Pods contain 2% tannins.

Dosage ► Heartwood—1.5-10 g powder; 10-20 g for decoction. (API Vol. III.)

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