Cymbopogon schoenanthus

Spreng.

Synonym ► Andropogon schoenan-thus Linn.

Cynodon dactylon Pers. 193

Habitat ► Warmer parts of India, from Punjab to Bengal and in South India.

Unani ► Rusaa Ghaas, Izkhar.

Siddha/Tamil ► Karpurapul, Rohisha-trna.

Action ► Roots and rhizome— carminative, stimulant, diaphoretic, emmenagogue; used for fever, cold and genitourinary affections.

Fresh leaves yield an essential oil (yield 0.8%). It contains a series of methyl ketones, along with limonene 19.5, camphene 8.0%, and a group of oxygenated sesquiterpenes, the major being elemol 4.5%.

The fragrant oil is known as Rusa or Geranium Oil and is used as a substitute for rose oil. It exhibits stimulant, carminative, antispasmodic and diaphoretic properties. It is applied externally in rheumatism and neuralgia.

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