Family ► Asclepiadaceae; Periplo-caceae.
Habitat ► Throughout India.
English ► Indian Sarsaparilla (black var.).
Ayurvedic ► Krishna Saarivaa, Jambupatraa Saarivaa, Karantaa, Shyamalataa, Shyaama, Gopi, Gopavadhu, Kaalghatika.
Siddha/Tamil ► Maattan-kodi, Paal-Kodi, Kattupala.
Folk ► Karantaa, Anantamuula (Varanasi).
Action ► Blood-purifier, alterative. Used for rickets in children. In combination with Euphorbia microphylla, the herb is used as a galactagogue. A decoction of the stem is used as a supporting drug in paralysis; of the root bark in rheumatism.
The major constituent of the root extract is germanicol docosanoate. The roots contains cryptanoside C. The leaves gave cryptanoside A and B and a cardenolide, cryptosin.
Dosage ► Root—5-10 g (API Vol. IV.); infusion—50-100 ml. (CCRAS.)
Family ► Cucurbitaceae.
Habitat ► Wild on wastelands in Gujarat.
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