CNS-depressant, diuretic and hydro-choleretic activities. Saponins show significant anti-inflammatory and an-tiarthritic activity.
The seeds also contain saponins and exhibit potent and sustained hypoten-sive and bradycardiac activities in dogs with low toxicity and without any haemolytic activity; also weak spasmolytic activity on isolated guinea-pig ileum.
All parts of the plant yield steroidal sapogenin, diogenin (quantity varies from 0.32 to 4%).
(Not to be confused with Kushtha of Indian medicine, Saussurea lappa.)
Family ► Zingiberaceae.
Habitat ► Assam, North Bengal, Khasi and Jaintia Hills, sub Himalayan tracts of Uttar Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh and Western Ghats.
English ► Canereed, Wild Ginger.
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