Cochlospermum gossypium

Family ► Cochlospermaceae.

Habitat ► Andhra Pradesh, Karnata-ka, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh and Bihar; cultivated at Agartala in Tripura.

English ► Golden Silk tree, White Silk Cotton tree.

Unani ► Samagh, Kateeraa (substitute for gum tragacanth).

Siddha/Tamil ► Kongilam (flower juice), Tanaku.

Action ► Gum—cooling, sedative, bechic, useful in coughs, hoarse throat, diarrhoea, dysentery, scalding urine. Dried leaves and flowers—stimulant.

The leaves contain terpenoids, saponins and tannins. Flowers contain naringenin and beta-sitosteryl-gluco-side (0.3%). The gum, after hydrolysis, furnished a mixture of acidic oligosaccharides.

Cocos nucifera Linn. Family ► Palmae; Arecaceae.

Habitat ► Cultivated chiefly in Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.

English ► Coconut Palm.

Ayurvedic ► Naarikela, Naalikera, Laangali, Tunga, Skandhaphala, Sadaaphala, Trnaraaja, Kuurch-shirshaka.

Unani ► Naarjeel, Naariyal.

Siddha/Tamil ► Thenkai. Kopparai (kernel of ripe coconut).

Action ► Water from tender fruit— cooling, used in thirst, fever, urinary disorders, gastroenteritis, and as a source of K for cholera patients. Fruit—stomachic, laxative, diuretic, styptic, sedative; useful in dyspepsia and burning sensation. Oil from endosperm—antiseptic; used in alopecia. Root—astringent; used in urinary and uterine and disorders.

Tender coconut water is rich in potassium and other minerals and vitamins. It contains reducing sugars 2.222.85%, total sugars 3.5-4.25%; brix 5.56.2%. It is used as a substitute for normal saline in cases of dehydration.

Alcoholic extract of coconut shell (2% in petroleum jelly, externally) was found very effective in dermatophyto-sis. Lighter fractions of the tar oil are used as antiseptics.

Flowers, mixed with oil, are applied to swellings, leaves to treat abscesses, shoots and ashes of dry meat to deep cuts, grated meat to burns, roots to wounds and gonorrhoea.

Shell and fibre—antimicrobial.

Dosage ► Dried endosperm—10-20 g powder. (API Vol. III.)

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