Cochlearia armoracia Linn

Synonym ► Armoracia rusticana Gilib.

Family ► Cruciferae, Brassicaceae.

Habitat ► Eastern Europe; cultivated in Britain and the USA. Grown to a small extent in North India and hill stations of South India.

English ► Horseradish.

Action ► Root—used for catarrhs of the respiratory tract. Antimicrobial and hyperemic.

The root contains glucosinolates, mainly sinigrin, which releases allyl-isothiocyanate on contact with the enzyme myrosin during crushing and 2-phenylethylglucosinolate. Crushed horseradish has an inhibitory effect on the growth of micro-organisms.

Fresh root contains vitamin C on an average 302 mg% of ascorbic acid.

A related species, C. cochlearioides (Roth) Sant & Mahesh, synonym C. flava Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb. (upper

Cocos nucifera Linn. 163

and lower Gangetic valleys), is used for fevers.

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