Clerodendrum infortunatum

auct. non Linn. C.B.Clarke.

Family ► Verbenaceae. Habitat ► Throughout India. Ayurvedic ► Bhaandira, Bhaandi, Kaari. Also known as Bhaarangi (C. serratum). Siddha/Tamil ► Karukanni, Perugilai. Action ► Leaves—used as a substitute for Chiretta. Leaves and roots— employed externally for skin diseases and alopecia. Leaves are prescribed in headache. Roots are given in cramps and rheumatism.

In homoeopathy, the fresh leaves are employed for colic due to worms, diarrhoea associated with nausea, chronic fever with loss of appetite and in enlargement of liver and spleen with indigestion and constipation.

The alcoholic extract of the whole plant showed antiprotozoal activity against Entamoeba histolytica. It also exhibited hypoglycaemic activity in albino rats. The leaves exhibit antifun-gal activity.

Family ► Verbenaceae.

Habitat ► Throughout India, in the drier parts.

Ayurvedic ► Agnimantha, Tarkaari, Vikraantaa, Jayanti, Jai, Jayaa, Ganikaarikaa, Vaijayanti, Bigger var. is equated with Premna integri-folia Linn., Shriparni, Naadeyi.

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