Ruiz et Par.
Family ► Menispermaceae.
Habitat ► A native of Peru and Brazil.
English ► False Pareira Brava.
Ayurvedic ► Paatha, Ambashthaa (true Pareira is equated with Cissampelos pareira root).
144 Chonemorpha macrophylla (Roxb.) G. Don.
Action ► Diuretic (used for chronic inflammation of urinary passages, calculus affections, jaundice, dropsy); also for leucorrhoea, rheumatism.
Roots and stem contain alkaloids, including delta-tubocurarine and l-curarine. Tubocurarine is a potent muscle relaxant. The plant contains toxic derivatives and must be used in medicinal doses with caution.
Tubocurarine alkaloid is used as tubocurarine chloride to paralyse body's muscles during operations.
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