Cassia tora Linn

Family ► Calsalpiniaceae.

Habitat ► Throughout India as a weed.

English ► Sickle Senna, Ringworm Plant.

Ayurvedic ► Chakramarda, Chakri, Prapunnaada, Dadrughna, Me-shalochana, Padmaata, Edagaja.

Unani ► Penwaad Taarutaa.

Siddha/Tamil ► Ushittgarai.

Folk ► Chakavad, Daadamaari.

Action ► Leaves—taken internally to prevent skin diseases; applied against eczema and ringworm; pounded and applied on cuts, act like tincture of iodine. Seeds, soaked in water, are taken for spermatorrhoea. A paste made of equal parts of leaves and seeds is given for jaundice. Pods are used in dysentery.

Along with other therapeutic applications, The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India indicated the use of the seed in paralysis and hemiplegia as a supporting drug.

The leaves contain chrysophanol, aloe-emodin, rhein and emodin. Mature leaves possess purgative properties and are sometimes utilized to adulterate the true senna; also used as an antiperiodic and anthelmintic.

The leaf extract exhibited antifungal activity against the ringworm fungus Microsporon nanum.

Seeds contain anthraquinone glycosides, naptho-pyrone glycosides, cas-siaside and rubrofusarin-6-beta-genti-obioside. These constituents showed significant hepatoprotective activity.

Thrachrysone, isolated from seeds, showed stronger antioxidant activity than tocopherol and BHA.

Chrysophanic acid-9-anthrone, extracted from the seed, was found to be active against ringworm fungi.

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