Cassia fistula Linn

Synonym ► C. rhombifolia Roxb.

Family ► Caesalpiniaceae.

Habitat ► Cultivated as an ornamental throughout India.

English ► Indian Laburnum, Purging Cassia, Golden Shower.

Ayurvedic ► Aaragvadha, Chatu-raangula, Kritamaala, Kritmaalaka, Karnikaara, Shampaaka, Praagra-ha, Raajvrksha, Nripapaadapa, Raajadruma, Vyaadhighaataka, Aarevata.

Unani ► Amaltaas, Khyaarshambar.

Siddha/Tamil ► Sarakkonrai.

Action ► Flowers and pods— purgative, febrifugal, astringent, antibilious. Seed powder—used in amoebiasis.

The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India indicated the fruit pulp for constipation, colic, chlorosis and urinary disorders.

Pulp of the pod contains anthraqui-none glycosides, sennosides A and B, rhein and its glucoside, barbaloin, aloin, formic acid, butyric acid, their ethyl esters and oxalic acid. Presence of pectin and tannin is also reported.

Seeds gave galactomannan free sugars and free amino acids; extract laxative, carminative, cooling and antipyretic properties.

Flowers gave ceryl alcohol, kaem-pferol, rhein and a bianthraquinone glycoside, fistulin.

Leaves gave free rhein, its glycosides—sennosides A and B.

Cassia javanica L., a related species found in West Bengal, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu, is used as a substitute for Cassia fistula.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Fitness Wellness For You

Fitness Wellness For You

Achieve the Fitness and Wellness for You that you have always wanted by learning the facts so you can take the right steps to maximize your health. Learn How to Achieve Real Fitness and Wellness for a Healthy Body, Mind and Spirit to Improve Your Quality of Life in Today's World. Receive Valuable Information to Discover What Really Matters and What Actually Works in Finding Genuine Wholeness for All Aspects of Your Being.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment