Capparis zeylanica Linn

Family ► Cappariadaceae.

Habitat ► Common in plains as a hedge plant.

English ► Ceylon Caper.

Ayurvedic ► Ahimsra (Himsraa and Ahimsra are synonyms). Vyaaghranakhi.

Siddha/Tamil ► Aathondai.

Action ► Root bark—sedative, stomachic, anticholerin, diuretic febrifuge. Leaves—applied as poultice to piles, swellings, boils.

The plant contains a saponin and p-hydroxybenzoic, syringic, vanillic, fer-ulic and p-coumaric acids. The leaves contain beta-carotene. The leaves and seeds contain glucocapparin, alpha-amyrin, n-triacontane and a fixed oil.

Aerial parts exhibited spasmolytic activity.

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