Calophyllum inophyllum Linn

Family ► Guttiferae; Clusiaceae.

Habitat ► Coastal regions, particularly Orissa, Karnataka, Maharashtra and the Andamans. Also cultivated as an ornamental tree.

English ► Indian Laurel, Alexandrian Laurel.

Ayurvedic ► Punnaaga, Tunga, Sultaan champaa, Naagchampaa, Raajchampaa.

Siddha/Tamil ► Punnai, Punnagam.

Action ► Oil of seeds—specific for scabies and other skin diseases, and for rheumatism. Used in the

Calotropis procera (Ait.) R.Br.

treatment of genitourinary and venereal diseases. Bark—juice is taken as purgative; pounded with water is applied in orchitis, and for dressing ulcers. Root bark— antibacterial, used for indolent ulcers. Leaf—used in vertigo and migraine, also for chicken pox, skin inflammations, scabies, sunburn. Flowers and stamens—used as a substitute for Naagakesara (Mesua ferrea Linn.)

The root bark and heartwood contain xanthones. The xanthones exhibited anti-inflammatory activity in rats against carrageenan-induce oedema; also CNS depressant activity. Jaca-reubin and 6-deoxy derivatives exhibited antiulcer activity in rats.

Calophyllolide, a complex 5-Ph-coumarin isolated from nuts, showed antiarrhythmic (as effective as quini-dine), bradycardiac coronary dilator, and anticoagulant, also anti-inflammatory and antiarthritic activity.

Dosage ► Leaf, flower, bark—3-5 g powder; 50-100 ml decoction. (CCRAS.)

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