Callicarpa macrophylla Vahl

Family ► Verbenaceae.

Habitat ► Sub-Himalayan tracts, from Hazara eastwards to Assam, up to 1,500 m.

English ► Perfumed Cherry.

Ayurvedic ► Priyangu, Priyan-gukaa, Priyaka, Gandhphali, Gandhpriyangu, Phalini, Vanitaa, Kaantaa, Kaantaahvaa, Shyamaa, Anganaapriya.

Unani ► Habb-ul-Mihlb (Prunus mahaleb Linn., Rosaceae).

Siddha/Tamil ► Gnazhal, Chokkala. (Fruits of Aglaia roxburghiana Miq. are used as Priyangu.)

Action ► Leaves—applied hot in rheumatic pains. Smoked to relieve headache. Seed—paste used in stomatitis. Wood—paste used in mouth and tongue sores. Seeds and roots—employed as stomachic. Bark—used in rheumatism and diseases of genitourinary tract. The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India indicated the use of the fruit in emesis and giddiness.

The seeds and leaves contain cal-

literpenone and its monoacetate; the former also contain fatty acids, beta-

sitosterol and its beta-D-glucoside.

Family ► Guttiferae; Clusiaceae.

Habitat ► The evergreen forests of Western Ghats up to 330 m.

Siddha/Tamil ► Shirupinnai.

Action ► Resin—antiphlogistic, anodyne. Seed oil—antileprotic.

The leaves, stem, bark and root contain friedelin. Leaves also contain canophyllol and a triterpene lactone; stem, beta-amyrin; bark, apetalic acid. Heartwood contains a clathrate named wightianone palmitic acid. Wood contains mesoinositol.

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