Caesalpinia sappan Linn

Family ► Caesalpiniaceae.

Habitat ► Cultivated in gardens throughout India.

English ► Barbados Pride, Peacock Flower.

Ayurvedic ► Padangam, Ratnagandhi, Krishnachuudaa.

Siddha/Tamil ► Mayirkonrai, Nalal.

Folk ► Guleturaa, Sankeshwara.

Action ► Leaves—laxative, antipyretic. Used in Eastern India as a substitute for senna. Dried and powdered leaves are used in erysipelas. Flowers—anthelmintic. Also used for cough and catarrh. Root—a decoction is prescribed in intermittent fevers. Bark— emmenagogue, abortifacient.

The plant contains a flavonoid, my-ricitroside. The leaves, flowers and

Family ► Caesalpiniaceae.

Habitat ► Native to India and Malaysia. Cultivated in Bengal and South India, also grown as a hedge plant.

Ayurvedic ► Pattanga, Patanga, Pattraanga, Raktasaara, Ranjana, Pataranjaka, Suranga, Kuchandana.

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