Buxus wallichiana Baill

Synonym ► B. sempervirens Linn.

Family ► Buxaceae.

Habitat ► The Western and Central Himalayas and Punjab.

English ► Himalayan Boxwood tree.

Folk ► Chikri, Shamshaad. Paapari (Garhwal).

Action ► Wood—diaphoretic. Bark— febrifuge. Leaves—purgative, diaphoretic; used in rheumatism. Poisonous. Not a safe drug for "purifying blood". Symptoms of poisoning are severe—abdominal pain, vomiting, convulsions and death.

The mixture of alkaloids is referred to as buxine. Buxenine-G is cytotoxic.

There is preliminary evidence that a specific Boxwood leaf extract (SVP 30) might delay disease progression in HIV-infected patients. The extract is available through internet sources or AIDS Buyers' Clubs. (Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database, 2007.)

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