Buchanania lanzan Spreng

Synonym ► B. latifolia Roxb. Family ► Anacardiaceae. Habitat ► Drier parts of India.

English ► Almondette tree, Cheron-jee, Buchanan's Mango.

Ayurvedic ► Priyaala, Piyaala, Kharskandha, Bahulvalkala, Taa-paseshtha, Sannakadru Dhanush-pat, Chaar.

Unani/Tamil ► Saaraapparuppu.

Action ► Kernel—laxative, febrifuge. An ointment made out of the kernels is used to cure itch of the skin and to remove blemishes from the face. Oil from kernels— substitute for almond oil. Applied to glandular swellings of the neck. The oil is a promising source of palmitic and oleic acids.

Kernel lipids (65.6%), comprised mainly of neutral lipids (90.4%), consist mostly of triacylglycerol (82.2%), free fatty acids (7.8%) and small amount of diacylglycerols, monoacylglycerols and sterols.

The kernels are used in Indian medicine as a brain tonic. The leaves are valued as a cardiotonic.

The leaves contain 2.64% tannins (0.35% gallo-tannins). The presence of triterpenoids, saponins, flavonoids and reducing sugars are also reported. Powdered or crushed leaves are applied to wounds.

The bark contains 13.40% tannins. The presence of alkaloids, saponins and reducing sugars is also reported.

Gum (stem exudate) is antidiar-rhoeal. Used internally in rheumatism.

Butea monosperma (Lam.) Taub. 105

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