Boswellia serrata Roxb

Synonym ► B. hispada (L.) K. Sch. Spermacoce hispida Linn.

Family ► Burseraceae.

Habitat ► The drier parts of Peninsular India.

English ► Indian Frankincense, Indian Olibanum.

Ayurvedic ► Shallaki, Susravaa, Gajabhakshyaa, Salai. Gum— Kunduru.

Siddha/Tamil ► Parangisambirani, Kungli.

Brassica campestris Linn. var. rapa (L.) Hartm. 99

Action ► Gum-resin—antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, antiatheroscle-rotic, emmenagogue, analgesic, sedative, hypotensive. Also used in obesity, diarrhoea, dysentery, piles, urinary disorders, scrofulous affections. Oil—used topically in chronic ulcers, ringworm.

Nonphenolic fraction of gum-resin exhibited marked sedative and analgesic effect in rats. It produced a marked and long-lasting hypotension in anaesthetized dogs.

Many derivatives of 3-keto-methyl-beta-boswellic ester, isolated from the gum-resin., have been prepared; a py-razoline derivative exhibited maximum anti-inflammatory activity. (Gum-resin is used in osteoarthri-tis, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, soft tissue fibrositis and spondylitis, also for cough, bronchitis, asthma, mouth sores.)

Essential oil from gum-resin—anti-fungal.

Gum-resin contains triterpenes of oleanane, ursane and euphane series. Stem and fruit—hypoglycaemic.

Ayurvedic ► Siddhaartha, Shveta Sarshapa, Sarshapa-Gaura.

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