Blumea lacera

Family ► Compositae; Asteraceae.

Habitat ► Tropical Himalayas, and throughout the plains of Assam and Penninsular India.

Unani ► Kakarondaa.

Action ► Plant—diuretic. Essential oil—CNS depressant.

Family ► Compositae; Asteraceae.

Habitat ► Throughout the plains of India, ascending to 700 m.

Ayurvedic ► Kukundara, Kukuradru, Taamrachuuda.

Unani ► Kakarondaa.

Siddha/Tamil ► Narakkarandai, Kaatu Mullangi.

Action ► Plant—antipyretic. Leaf— astringent, febrifuge, diuretic, deobstruent, anthelmintic (particularly in case of thread worm). Root—anticholerin. Essential oil— antibacterial, antifungal.

The leaves on steam distillation yield 0.5% essential oil from which camphor is isolated.

The oil contains cineol 66, d-fen-chone 10 and citral about 6%. The plant gave a diester of coniferyl alcohol, acetylenic compounds, a thiophene derivative; aerial parts gave campes-terol, hentriacontane, hentriacontanol, alpha-amyrin and its acetate, lupeol and its acetate and beta-sitosterol.

The alcoholic extract of the plant showed marked anti-inflammatory activity in carrageenin and bradykinin-induced inflammation in rats.

Boerhavia diffusa Linn.

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