Family ► Compositae; Asteraceae.
Habitat ► Subtropical Himalayas, Nepal, Sikkim, Assam and Khasi Hills at 700-1,350 m.
English ► Ngai Camphor.
Ayurvedic ► Kukundara, Gangaapa-tri.
Unani ► Kakarondaa.
Action ► Tranquilizer (used in excitement and insomnia), expectorant, sudorific. Given in intestinal diseases, colic, diarrhoea. Essential oil from leaves—hypotensive.
The plant is a source of Ngai or Blumea Camphor. Camphor occurs in all parts of the plant, but is generally extracted from leaves. Ngai Camphor oil consists almost entirely of l-borneol. It is redistilled to obtain the refined camphor for use in medicine.
The dried leaves contain sesquiter-pene lactones. These lactones exhibit antitumour activity against Yoshida sacoma cells in tissue culture.
The plant exhibits moderate antibacterial activity against E. coli.
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