Bidens pilosa Linn

Family ► Compositae; Asteraceae.

Habitat ► Throughout India in gardens, waste places and tea plantations.

Action ► Plant—cytotoxic. Leaf— applied to ulcers and swollen glands.

The plant contains a number of poly-acetylenes which are toxic to bacteria, fungi and human fibroblast cells. Phenylheptatriyne is the major constituent of the leaves and stems.

B. pilosa Linn. var. minor (Blume) Sherff, synonym B. pilosa Linn. var. bi-pinnata Hook. f. in part, gave phytos-terin-B, which like insulin, showed hy-poglycaemic activity both in normal and diabetic rats. B. pilosa auct. non Linn., synonym B. chinensis Willd., is used for leprosy, fistulae, pustules, tumours.

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