Bauhinia purpurea Linn

Family ► Caesalpiniaceae.

Habitat ► Sub-Himalayan tracts from Ravi eastwards, ascending to 1,000 m. in the Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal and Central and South India.

Ayurvedic ► Ashmantaka, Kanchini.

Family ► Caesalpiniaceae

Siddha/Tamil ► Kokku mandarai.

86 Bauhinia retusa Roxb.

Folk ► Aapataa (Maharashtra), Kachnaala.

Action ► Bark—highly astringent, anti-inflammatory (used in glandular inflammations, skin diseases, ulcers), cholagogue. Leaves—anthelmintic; with onion for diarrhoea. Flowers—used in haemorrhages, piles; also in cough. Seed—antibacterial.

Octacosane, beta-amyrin and beta-sitosterol have been isolated from the bark. EtOH (50%) extract of seeds exhibited anticancer activity.

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