Family ► Balanophoraceae.
Synonym ► B. axillare Bl. B. polyandrum Wt. Croton polyandrus Roxb.
Family ► Euphorbiaceae.
Habitat ► The Himalayas, Assam, Khasi Hills, Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar and Peninsular India, ascending to 1,800 m.
Ayurvedic ► Danti, Nikumbha, Udumbarparni, Erandphalaa, Shighraa, Pratyak-shreni, Vishaalya. Baliospermum calycinum Muell-Arg. is considered as Naagadanti.
Siddha/Tamil ► Neeradimuthu, Danti.
Folk ► Jangli Jamaalgotaa.
Action ► Seed—purgative. Leaves— purgative (also used in dropsy), antiasthmatic (decoction is given in asthma). Latex—used for body ache and pain of joints. Root and seed oil—cathartic, antidropsical.
Along with other therapeutic applications, The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India indicated the use of dried root in jaundice, abdominal lump and splenomegaly.
The presence of steroids, terpenoids and flavonoids is reported in the leaves. The root contains phorbol derivatives. EtOH extract of roots showed in vivo activity in P-388 lymphocytic leukaemia.
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