Ayurvedic Bilvaparni

Siddha/Tamil ► Nayvila.

Folk ► Ran-limbu, Naringi (Mum-bai), Tondsha (Maharashtra), Beli, Bainthaa.

Action ► Dried fruit—stomachic; used in pestilent fevers, also as an antidote to poisons. Root— purgative, sudorific.

The plant showed anti-inflammatory activity which was attributed to 8-hydroxy-6-methoxy-2-methyl-anthra-quinone-3-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside in animal studies.

The leaves contain an essential oil; major constituents are geraniol, alpha-and beta-pinene, 1,8-cineole, elemol acetate, linool, alpha-terpinolene, camphor, eudesmol, p-cymene, cam-phane, azulene, borneol acetate, alpha-terpenol, alpha-curcumene, alpha thu-jone, limolene, myrcene and beta-ocimene.

Leaves also contain anthraquinones and dalbargin galactopyranoside.

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