Synonym ► Hygrophila spinosa T. Anders
Family ► Acanthaceae.
Habitat ► Common in moist places, paddy fields, throughout India and Sri Lanka.
Ayurvedic ► Kokilaaksha, Kokilaak-shi, Ikshura, Ikshuraka, Kaakekshu, Kshurak, Bhikshu.
Unani ► Taalmakhaanaa. (Wrongly equated with Euryaleferox Salisb. (Fox Nut) in National Formulary of Unani Medicine, Part I, first edn., 1981.)
Siddha/Tamil ► Neermulli, Nerugobbi.
Action ► Diuretic, used for catarrh of the urinary organs, also for dropsy when accompanied by hepatic obstruction.
The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia ofIn-dia recommends the seed in lithiasis; the whole plant and root for gout.
Aqueous extract of herb ash—diuretic in albino rats. EtOH (50%)— spasmolytic and hypotensive. The herb exhibits antihepatotoxic activity in dogs. Essential oil from whole plant—antibacterial.
The plant gave lupeol, stigmasterol and hydrocarbons; seed gave sterols; flowers, apigenin glucuronide.
Astragalus hamosus Linn. 71
Aqueous extract decreased fasting glucose and improved glucose tolerance in rats. (Sharon M. Herr.)
Dosage ► Whole plant—3-6 g, powder; dried seed—3-6 g powder; dried root—3-6 g for decoction. (API Vol. II.) Herb ash—1-3 g (CCRAS.)
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