Asparagus adscendens Roxb

Family ► Asparagaceae.

Habitat ► The western Himalayas and Punjab, from Himachal Pradesh to Kumaon, up to 1,500 m.

Ayurvedic ► Mushali, (white var.), Mahaashataavari. The black variety is equated with Taalamuuli, Chlorophytum arundinaceum Baker.

Unani ► Shaqaaqul-e-Hindi.

Action ► A substitute for A. officinalis.

The root yields asparagin. Sapoge-nins A and B, isolated from the root, were identified as stigmasterol and sarsasapogenin.

Action ► Diuretic, laxative, car-diotonic, sedative, galactagogue; used for neuritis and rheumatism, as well as for cystitis and pyelitis.

Key application ► In irrigation therapy for inflammatory diseases of the urinary tract and for prevention of kidney stones. (German Commission E.). It is contraindicated in kidney diseases and oedema because of functional heart.

The root contains steroidal glyco-sides (asparagosides) and bitter glyco-sides; asparagusic acid and its derivatives; asparagines, arginine and ty-rosine; flavonoids, including rutin, kaempferol and quercetrin; polysac-carides and inulin. Asparagine is a strong diuretic source of folic acid and selenium.

A spirostanol glycoside, isolated from the methanolic extract of the fruits, has shown 100% immobilization of human spermatozoa.

Asparagus officinalis Linn.

Family ► Asparagaceae.

Habitat ► Native to Europe and West Asia.

English ► Asparagus, Sparrow grass.

Ayurvedic ► Shataavari, Vari, Shatviryaa, Shatmuuli, Shatpadi, Bhiru, Naaraayani, Bahusutaa, Atirasaa.

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