An infusion of flower tops is administered in nervous and spasmodic affections. The herb is also used as an antilithic. Oil from leaves— antibacterial, antifungal in 1:1000 dilution.
Key application ► As emmenagogue. (The British Herbal Pharmacopoeia.)
The plant yields about 0.34% of an essential oil. Plants at lower altitude had more percentage of cineol, thu-jone, thujyl and citral, whereas from higher altitude terpenes are in higher percentage. The highest amount of cineol was reported to be 30%.
The plant is also used as an inferior substitute for cinchona in fevers.
Synonym ► A. nilagirica (Clarke) Pamp.
Family ► Compositae; Asteraceae.
Habitat ► The hilly regions of India, also in Mount Abu in Rajasthan, in western Ghats, and from Konkan southward to Kerala.
English ► Indian Wormwood, Fleabane, Dungwort, Mugwort, Wild Wormwood.
Ayurvedic ► Damanaka, Pushpachaa-mara, Gandhotkata. (Related sp.: A. siversiana Ehrh. ex Willd.)
Unani ► Afsanteen-e-Hindi. (National Formularly of Unani Medicine clubbed it with Baranjaasif.)
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