Artemisia vulgaris Linn var nilagirica Clarke

An infusion of flower tops is administered in nervous and spasmodic affections. The herb is also used as an antilithic. Oil from leaves— antibacterial, antifungal in 1:1000 dilution.

Key application ► As emmenagogue. (The British Herbal Pharmacopoeia.)

The plant yields about 0.34% of an essential oil. Plants at lower altitude had more percentage of cineol, thu-jone, thujyl and citral, whereas from higher altitude terpenes are in higher percentage. The highest amount of cineol was reported to be 30%.

The plant is also used as an inferior substitute for cinchona in fevers.

Synonym ► A. nilagirica (Clarke) Pamp.

Family ► Compositae; Asteraceae.

Habitat ► The hilly regions of India, also in Mount Abu in Rajasthan, in western Ghats, and from Konkan southward to Kerala.

English ► Indian Wormwood, Fleabane, Dungwort, Mugwort, Wild Wormwood.

Ayurvedic ► Damanaka, Pushpachaa-mara, Gandhotkata. (Related sp.: A. siversiana Ehrh. ex Willd.)

Unani ► Afsanteen-e-Hindi. (National Formularly of Unani Medicine clubbed it with Baranjaasif.)

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